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Description of Australian Cattle Dog

´╗┐The Breed History

The importation of the Blue Merle Smooth-coated Highland Collie from Scotland crossed with native Dingos produced the required base type for managing feral cattle in large land tracts around Australia. Further crosses with Dalmation (the Bagust's Dog) and Black and Tan Kelpie finalized the current breed type. Breed development progressed throughout the 1800s. First breed standards were drawn up in the year 1902. AKC registry occurred in the year 1980. The older breed names include the word heeler, which indicates a dog that works silently at the heels, and crouches low to prevent being kicked after gripping at the coronet or fetlock area of the livestock.

Breeding for Function

These silent durable dogs were highly valued for the protection and herding of large herds of difficult cattle under severe environmental conditions. High efficiency in their work allowed them to last all day in marked temperature extremes. They are also used in field and farm work for sheep, and fowl or hogs.

Physical Characteristics

Height at Withers: female 17-19" (43-48 cm), male 18-20" (45.5-51 cm).

Weight: 35-45 lb (16-20 kg).

Coat: The moderately hard weather resistant coat is double and straight. The undercoat is short and dense. Colors are blue (blue mottled appearance acceptable) or red speckle with or without other markings. Specific markings are set out in the standard. Puppies are born light to white because of the Dalmation breed effect.

Longevity: 12-13 years

Points of Conformation: A sturdy well balanced conformation and highly energized movements characterize this working dog. Utility has dictated points of conformation. They possess a broad skull, a strong profile with definite stop, the muzzle is deep and lips tight, and the nose is always black. They appear dingo-like in many regards. Dark brown eyes are oval, medium-sized, and a sharp stare is normal. Pricked ears are wide set and small to medium in size, and the neck is medium in length and not throaty. The topline is level, thorax deep, ribs well sprung, and the rib cage remains deep caudally. The limbs are straight-boned, feet are round and the toes well arched. The low set tail is slightly curved and reaches to the tarsus. The tail has a brush. A strong smooth gait that appears effortless, and a strong rear quarter driving effort should be apparent.

Thanks for description - Animal life club

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