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Description of Elephant

Although all elephants have a number of similarities, African elephants are different from Asian elephants. The highly muscular trunk is common to both and is described as a modified nose. Elastic, cartilaginous tissue cushions the soles of the feet, making elephants silent walkers that can move up to twenty-five miles per hour. Elephants lose body heat through their ears. Adult African elephants can weigh up to 1,500 pounds. They have large ears and two fingerlike lips at the tips of their trunks. Anatomically, the African elephant has a concave back, with shoulders that rise above the head. In this species, both sexes have tusks. Adult Asian elephants can weigh eleven thousand pounds. They have smaller ears and one lip at the tip of the trunk. Anatomically, the Asian elephant has a convex back with shoulders that lie below the bulbous head. In this species, some males have tusks. Easier to domesticate than the African variety, Asian elephants are used for transport and logging. Their trunks have a characteristic flexibility and a greater range of motion that makes them more suitable for such activities. Asian elephants are an endangered species, and African elephants are a threatened species, because of destruction to their habitat and illegal poaching for their valuable ivory tusks.

Thanks for description - Animal life club

Photo Gallery of Elephant