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Description of Newfoundland

´╗┐The Breed History

Named after the Canadian province of Newfoundland, these hardy dogs were descended from European breeds such as Great Pyrenees and others brought over with early settlers. Others place the origins of the breed in North America back to the time when the Vikings explored Newfoundland and brought their bear dogs with them, about 1000 AD. This may explain the presence of this type of dog skeletons in Indian burial sites dating to the 5th century AD. First written records in Newfoundland date to 1732. The breed actually underwent most modern development in Europe, where breeders imported the Newfoundland dogs back. AKC recognition occurred in 1886.

Breeding for Function

Newfies were selected for their natural instinct to retrieve those in need from water. The breed characteristics reflect adaptation to the harsh climate of Newfoundland. Thick coats, webbed feet for moving over snow and marsh and swimming, and stamina characterize the breed. They excelled at both water and dry land work, especially helpful for pulling nets and boats for fishermen, and were noted for their courage and loyalty in search and rescue type work. Because of their size and strength, they were also favored as draft dogs, pulling carts on farms and carrying heavy packs. The characteristics that are placed first in priority for breeding are a docile, sweet temperament and well-developed life saving instinct. These are considered a hallmark of the breed.

Physical Characteristics

Height at Withers: female 26" (66 cm), male 28" (71 cm).

Weight: females 100-120 lb (45.5-54.5 kg), males 130-150 lb (59-68 kg).

Coat: White, gray, black and brown are recognized. A landseer coloring is white background with black markings, controlled by an autosomal recessive MIFT gene.1 The dense, double coat is oily and thus waterproof. Outer hairs are coarse and may be straight to wavy, and are moderately long. The undercoat is soft and dense. The face and muzzle are covered by a much shorter haircoat. Limbs are feathered.

Longevity: 8-10 years

Points of Conformation: Large, strong, muscular, and thick coated, the breed is heavily boned and muscled and possesses a gait that is smooth and covers a lot of ground with apparent ease. The skull is broad, the head is massive and the occipital protuberance is well developed. Eyes are generally dark brown in color, though some lighter colored dogs have lighter eye pigmentation. A gentle expression is emphasized. Palpebral rims are dark and the deep-set eyes are small and wide-set. Triangular ears sit close to the head and have rounded tips. A deep square muzzle and moderate stop characterize the profile. The neck is muscular and thick. The topline is level, thorax is deep and ribs well sprung. The tail is strong and distally it reaches the tarsus. Limbs are straight and heavily boned, feet are large and webbed with compact knuckled up toes. Front dewclaw removal is optional, but they are taken off in the rear.

Thanks for description - Animal life club

Photo Gallery of Newfoundland