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Description of Norwegian Lundehund

´╗┐The Breed History

The name Lundehund is a combination of the Norwegian words "lunde," the Puffin bird, and "hund," meaning dog. Originally, they were bred to hunt and retrieve the Puffin, a meat and feather crop for the Norwegian farmer of past centuries living along the fjords and on the islands off the west coast. Written references to the breed date back to the fifteenth century. When the Puffin bird became a protected species in the 1800's, the dogs were no longer useful to the farmers and breed numbers were allowed to dwindle. The breed was saved from near extinction after World War II through the friendship of two concerned Norwegians, but even today there are a thousand dogs worldwide. AKC recognition occurred in 2011.

Breeding for Function

Their unique foot structure (at least six toes on each foot and elongated rear foot pads) and unusual flexibility enabled them to climb the steep, rocky cliffs and navigate the small burrows and crevices where Puffins nest. They have an elastic neck that allows the head to bend backward to touch the spine, letting the dog turn around in narrow puffin bird caves; and shoulders flexible enough to allow the front legs to extend flat to the side in order to hug the cliffs. This shoulder structure produces a peculiar rotary movement. Finally, the ears close and fold forward or backward to protect from debris.

Physical Characteristics

Height at withers: Males 13-15 inches (33-38 cm); Females 12-14 inches (30.5-35.5 cm).

Weight: 13-20 pounds (6-9 kg)

Coat: Double coat with a harsh outer coat and a dense, soft undercoat. The coat is short on the head and front of the legs, longer and thicker around the neck and back of thighs. It is dense on the tail with little feathering. Color is fallow to reddish brown to tan with black hair tips and white markings or white with red or dark markings. More black hair tips with maturity.

Longevity: Around 12 years.

Points of Conformation: The Lundehund should be athletic and agile. The head is wedge-shaped, tapering gradually to the end of the muzzle. Nose and lips are black. Scissors bite is preferred, but level and reverse scissors bite are permitted. Missing premolars on both sides of the upper and lower jaws are common and allowed. Eyes are almond-shaped, light yellow-brown to brown with a brown ring around the pupil. Eye rims are dark and complete. Ears are medium-size, triangular, and carried erect. Level back, short loin and slightly sloping croup. The tail is high-set. When moving, the tail may be carried trailing or in a graceful arch over the back. When at rest, the tail hangs with a slight curve. Moderate angulation with very elastic shoulders so that the front legs can extend out to the side. The legs are straight with slightly outward-turned feet. The forefeet are oval with at least six fully developed toes, five of which should reach the ground. Eight pads on each foot. The additional toes consist of one three jointed toe, like a thumb, and one two-jointed toe along with corresponding tendons and muscles that give the foot a strong appearance. Strong muscular upper and lower thighs. Hind feet are oval, slightly outward turned with a minimum of six toes, of which four support the dog's weight. There are seven pads with the center pad elongated. When viewed from behind, the rear legs are close but parallel. An elastic gait with a unique rotary front movement.

Thanks for description - Animal life club

Photo Gallery of Norwegian Lundehund